ECD Early Childhood Development (English/Urdu)

How Child Learn( بچے کیسے پڑھ سکتے ہیں)

During Early years of education children learn most effectively ‘real’ experiences and by using all their senses, sight, taste, smell, hearing and touch. when learning is reinforced with practical experiences it lays a firm foundation for later learning.

تعلیم کے ابتدائی سالوں کے دوران بچے سب سے زیادہ مؤثر طریقے سے ‘حقیقی’ تجربات سیکھتے ہیں اور اپنے تمام حواس ، نظر ، ذائقہ ، بو ، سماعت اور لمس کو استعمال کرتے ہیں۔ جب سیکھنے کو عملی تجربات سے تقویت ملتی ہے تو یہ بعد میں سیکھنے کی ایک مضبوط بنیاد رکھتی ہے۔


How should be a learning environment

  1. Non threatening(بچوں کو نہ ڈراو )
  2. Stimulating (بچوں کو اُبھارو)
  3. Challenging(بچوں کو پیش آنے والے مسائل کو حل کرو)

In an ECD (Early Childhood Development) environment children get to experience through play, exploration and hands on activities and social interactions ی سی ڈی (ابتدائی بچپن کی ترقی) کے ماحول میں بچوں کو کھیل ، تلاش اور سرگرمیوں اور سماجی روابط پر ہاتھ ڈالنے کے ذریعے تجربہ حاصل ہوتا ہے۔.

In the Early  years, the students experience the following areas:-

  1. Personal and social development 
  2. Physical development
  3. Language and literacy.
  4. Knowledge and understanding  of the world around us
  5.  Creative development
  6. Mathematical development
  7. ذاتی اور سماجی ترقی۔
  8. جسمانی ترقی
  9. ۔ زبان اور خواندگی۔
  10. ہمارے ارد گرد کی دنیا کا علم اور تفہیم
  11. ۔ تخلیقی ترقی
  12. ۔ ریاضی کی ترقی

Personal and Social Development

ذاتی اور سماجی ترقی
Community Verified icon                This is the development of child’s strong personal preference for food, clothes and relationship between an child and other children and child and adults. Initially young children are often involved in parallel play, later they develop the skills to be able to involve themselves in group play.#

یہ خوراک ، کپڑے اور بچے اور دوسرے بچوں اور بچے اور بڑوں کے درمیان تعلقات کے
لیے بچے کی مضبوط ذاتی ترجیح کی ترقی ہے۔ ابتدائی طور پر چھوٹے بچے
اکثر متوازی کھیل میں شامل ہوتے ہیں ، بعد میں وہ اپنے آپ کو گروپ پلے
میں شامل کرنے کے لیے مہارت پیدا کرتے ہیں۔

Desirable outcomes

Physical activity and exercise strengthens the muscles, joints of the child, improves the child’s posture, balance, coordination and flexibility. The bone density increases and the child feels more active, energetic and confident. The physical development of children is often grouped into gross motor, fine motor and coordination skills.

  1. Work well in groups and are willing to take turns and share fairly
  2. Treat living things, property and their environment with care and concern
  3. Show a range of feeling such as wonder, joy or sorrow
  4. Respond to cultural and religious events
  5. Are able to select activity

Physical Development

Physical activity and exercise strengthens the muscles, joints of the child, improves the child’s posture, balance, coordination and flexibility. The bone density increases and the child feels more active, energetic and confident. The physical development of children is often grouped into gross motor, fine motor and coordination skills.

Desirable outcomes

  1. Use a range of large and small equipment with increasing skill
  2. Use balancing and climbing apparatus, with increasing skill

Language and literacy

This is the development of listening skills and the child’s ability to talk. Children use talk to recall real-life experience, to respond to instructions, to questions, to predict, to question, to imagines, to direct and to empathies. It is the development of reading and writing skills and understanding the uses of the written work.

Desirable outcome

  • Recognize letters of the alphabet by shape and sound
  • Associate sounds with pattern in rhymes, with syllabus, and with words and letters
  • Listen attentively to stories, songs and rhymes
  • Use and enjoy books, know that pictures and words have meaning
  • Use increasing vocabulary to express thoughts and explore meanings
  • Take part in role-play and make up their own stories
  • Talk about their experiences
  • Recognize own names and use upper and lower case letters

Knowledge and understanding of the world

This is development of the child’s ability to explore experience and discover, to observe, reason, to understand and to solve problems.

Desirable outcomes

  • Talk about their families and past and present events in their lives
  • Explore features of living thing natural and man made objects
  • Look closely at similarities, differences, patterns and change
  • Talk about and sometimes record their observations
  • Question why things happen and how things work
  • Make appropriate use of technology to support their learning
  • Health and safety

Creative Development

Creative makes a child a unique individual, as it is the development of the child’s ability to create images, sounds and express thoughts role play and appreciate the creation of other. The area of learning focuses on arts, playing with colours and panting as well as imaginative play.

Desirable Outcomes

  • Explore colour, texture, shape, space and form in two and three dimensions
  • Use a widening range of materials, musical instruments, imaginative play and other resources to express idea to communicate feelings.

Mathematical Development

Mathematical development involves the child’s ability to classify by matching, sorting, comparing and ordering. It is development child’s concept of numbers, space, time, length, weight and capacity.

Desirable Outcomes

  • Use mathematical language to describe shape, position, size or quantity (e.g circle, cube, behind, bigger, than, more)
  • Compare, sort, match, order, sequence and count, using every day objects
  • Are familiar with counting games, number rhymes, songs and stories
  • Recognize and use numbers from 0 to 09
  • Through practical activities, begin to solve practical problems such as add one more, lake one away
  • How many altogether, how many are left.

Benefits of Early Childhood Education

  • Helps children learn to be friendly, share and cooperate with others.
  • Fosters school readiness and an easier transition to next grade.
  • Provides positive behavior and support for children with challenging behaviors.
  • Provides for the holistic development of the child which includes physical , social, emotional, cognitive and moral development.
  • Promotes health and nutrition awareness.
  • Facilities screening for all children hearing vision, articulation, behavior etc.
  • Reduce dropout rate and increase literacy rate.
  • Develops self awareness and a sense of identity in a child.
  • Helps children to become confident self directed learners.
  • Promotes respect for cultural values and traditions.
  • Builds strong home school relationship.

Learning is strengthened by better home school partnership

The parent, teacher and child triangle is a perfect illustration of this partnership. Through Early Childhood Development (ECD) schools aim to create an enabling environment for young children with an equal focus on health, nutrition and schooling.



This is Qadir from PK, having master degree in Pol Science, Bachelor of Education, Computer Diploma Senior Teacher by Profession

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