World War 2

World War II

There were many events that took place in the world that triggered World War II. Most of these were the unresolved issues in the aftermath of World War I. it was the biggest and deadliest war in the history of mankind and involved more than thirty countries. The war continued for six years, until the Allies defeated Nazi Germany and Japan in 1945. there ware two groups in World War II.

Axis: Germany, Italy and Japan

Allies:  France, Great Britain, United States of America, Soviet Union and China

Causes of World War II

The Rise of Fascism

After world War I Many fascist governments were formed in Europe. They wanted to restore their countries former glories. In Italy, Mussolini’s fascist government wanted to conquer new lands to expand Italian territory. In Germany, Adolf Hitler, and in Spain General Franco, become heads of state.

The Great Depression

The period from 1929-39 was a time of great economic suffering in Europe, and was called the Great Depression. The Great Depression took place in USA due to a stock market crash. All European industries were badly impacted and European people were escape from unemployment and poverty.

Appeasement

After world war I, countries such as Britain and France hoped to maintain international peace through ‘appeasement’. They tried to make Hitler happy rather than resisting or responding to his military build-up. Unfortunately, the policy of appeasement backfired as it made Hitler bolder and allowed him the time to heavily reinforce Germany’s armed forces.

Invasion by Japan, Italy and Germany

Countries like Japan, Italy and Germany started invading other lands to expand their territories and wealth. This created great unrest in Europe. It was after the German invasion of Poland, that France and Britain went on to declare war on Germany.

Attack on Pearl Harbour

Japans’ attack on Pearl Harbour (USA) on 7th December 1941 led the united states of America joining the second world war. Following the attack, the United States declared war on Japan. In Japans’ allies, Italy and Germany declared war on the United States.

End of World War II

World War II ended with the absolute surrender of the Axis forces (Germany, Italy and Japan). The Germans surrender after Hitler’s death. On 8th May 1945, Winston Churchill, the British Prime Minister, announced the end of the war in Europe. The United Stated America dropped atomic bombs on Hiroshima and Nagasaki (Japan) on the 6th and the 9th August 1945, completely destroyed both cities. The Japanese Emperor surrendered on 2th September 1945, this officially marked the end of the World War II.

Impact of World War II

The end of World War II changed the map of the World:

  1. Germany divided into Eastern and Western Germany. The Eastern part was controlled by the USSR and the Western part by allies.
  2. The USSR took control of many countries in eastern Europe including Poland, Romania, Bulgaria, Albania and Hungary
  3. The Allies and the USSR divided Korea into North and south Korea.
  4. In China, a civil war continued between the communists and the nationalist eventually leading to the creation of Hong Kong, and Communist China.

 

author

MQS

This is Qadir from PK, having master degree in Pol Science, Bachelor of Education, Computer Diploma Senior Teacher by Profession

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2 Comments

  1. avatar
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